Bumps on the back of tongue : Large, Red Or Painful . Our tongue is made up of taste buds. They are generally larger at the back of the tongue, where the taste buds may be big enough to be visible. It is normal to have small bumps on the tongue. There is no need to be alarmed if you see small bumps on the back of your tongue. However, if the bumps are large in size and they are red and painful, it can be a symptom of some problem.
Bumps on the back of tongue should be considered a problem if :
- Bumps are larger than normal. Check the size of your tongue bumps with others in your family or friend circle. You need to look at your tongue, roll it forward in front of a flat mirror and check the size carefully.
- Bumps on the back of your tongue are red and swollen. They may be accompanied by pain.
- You have difficulty in swallowing. Sometimes, there could be pain in the salivary glands, sore throat or any other related symptoms as well.
What causes bumps on back of tongue ? These bumps or raised spots are called papillae. They can occur because of many reasons. However, the common non serious causes only cause temporary bumps, so they should clear up in a few days. However, if the bumps on your tongue and red and inflamed and they have been for about 2 weeks or so, then you should consult a doctor. The causes of bumps on back of tongue are :
- Allergy : Some people have allergies to particular food. This allergy can manifest itself in the form of swelling and hives on the skin. Sometimes, these hives can show up on the tongue as raised red areas.
- Painful red bumps on the tongue can be Canker Sore. They generally heal up on their own.
- Fungal infection : Some infections of the mouth, like the one caused by a fungus named candida can cause raised white spots on the tongue, generally at the back of the tongue.
- Sore throat accompanied by bumps on the back of tongue can be a symptom of inflammation of tonsils. This inflammation is painful and can cause severe discomfort in swallowing.
- Bumps on the back of tongue can be Warts. They can also be caused by Herpes virus.
- The least common cause of tongue bumps is Cancer. It is characterized by hard lumps on the tongue which can be sore. However, they are generally present for a long time.
- Sometimes, bumps on the back of tongue can come out because of a response of the body’s immune system. An example of a disease where immune functioning causes red bumps is Kawasaki disease. It affects children and is serious. So, if kids have large bumps on the back of tongue, medical help must be taken.
In general, bumps on back of tongue are not a problem. Only thing is that you should keep looking at your tongue and notice any changes. To prevent infections etc, maintain good oral hygiene.